Education System in Nepal

Education of Nepal has only recently started to develop. The curriculum in Nepal has been greatly influenced by United States models and was developed with assistance from the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Primary schooling is compulsory, it begins at age of six and lasts for five years.

In Nepal, there are three types of schools:

  • Public/Government: Schools which are the financially supported by the government.
  • Community: Schools run by people from the community with financial support from local committees, non-profit trust and individuals.
  • Private: Schools with full private funding and run under the company act.

The general aims of secondary education are to: produce healthy citizens who are: familiar with the national tradition, culture, social environment, and democratic values; able to use language effectively in daily life; aware of scientific issues, creative, co-operative, industrious; able to contribute to economic development.

The academic year begins in the Nepalese month of Baisakh (Mid-April) and has three terms. There are two to three weeks’ vacations at Dashain and Tihar in October, two weeks winter vacation in January (The schools in Terai provide two to three weeks’ summer vacation) and a four weeks session break in March-April. The school day is generally from 10:00 A.M. to 4:00 P.M., although some schools in Terai operate from 6:00 A.M. to 11:00 A.M during the hottest months (Summer Season) of the year.

As a part of the schooling for kid there is a special pre education given to children.

Kindergartens as we know them do not generally exist but recently the government schools have started Early Childhood Development Centers (ECD). In “nursery” and “kindergartens” classes in private schools, children from the age of three are taught the English and Nepalese alphabets, numbers 1 to 100, and Basic English before being permitted to enter class 1.

Facilities are generally primitive. Classes of up to one hundred pupils are not unusual in public school in crowded villages/towns areas. The emphasis is on rote learning and theory rather than practical application. Most of the teachers are untrained. You will often see signs in Nepal for “English Boarding Schools.” These are in fact private day schools in which English is the language of instruction.

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